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9. L.E. Smith Glass Company, Mount Pleasant, PA, 1907 -. Like so many glass companies, there is little known about the history of the company, its products, and colors and dates for those products. This company did made 4 sizes of hen on nest dishes (a chick salt, a 3” hen, a 6” hen, and an 8” standing rooster) and they did make Carnival glass. But as to exactly which hen dish was made in what color Carnival glass is still a question. The chick salt has been reported as being made in Carnival colors of apricot, green, purple and malachite. The standing rooster has been reported as being made in crystal clear iridized glass. The Smith 6” hen has been reported in purple and aqua Carnival. However, none of these reports have been verified by seeing one, by seeing a picture of one, or by any discussions in print or by mail. [No pictures available.]

10. Sowerby Glass Ellison Glass Works, Ltd., Gateshead-on-Tyne, 1807-1972. Their “Chic butter” was first noted in an 1928 catalog. It is interesting to note that variations in the little chicks at the side of the hen appear in known examples. The hen dish was made in only two Carnival colors: Sunglow (marigold) and Rainbo Lustre (cobalt). There is some disagreement as to whether the hen dish was reissued after the 1930s. The bulk of iridized glass made by Sowerby was between 1927 and 1930. Limited quantities of Carnival Hens were made in iridized marigold* (Sunglow) and iridized blue* (Rainbo Lustre). They did not sell well and soon were made available in the fashionable Deco colors and satin-finished, Rosalin, Amber, Green, and Flint (Crystal). They seem to have sold reasonably well and remained in production until 1937. Sowerby had one more attempt with Carnival finish on glass in the mid 1960s and three patterns were iridized. The first was the hen made in small batches but only in Marigold.

It is interesting to note that this hen on nest covered dish was advertised for sale in both colors in a 1975 AA Importing catalog. They sold for $4.75 each!

Hen: Base 8” x 5-5/8” Top 6-13/16” x 4-1/2”


Figure 26 Sowerby Chic hen dish, Rainbo Lustre


Figure 27 Sowerby Chic hen dish, SunGlow

11. Summit Art Glass Company, Ravenna, OH, 1972, 1984-. The majority of Summit-owned molds are from other glass companies now out of business (Cambridge, Imperial, Westmoreland, Tiffin) but they do have some molds that were made exclusively for their own use. The Westmoreland 5-1/2” hen and rooster tops are put on Summit’s own split-rib base. Many of the Summit-produced wares still carry the marks of the original makers. This is especially true with many of the Westmoreland and Imperial molds now owned by Summit. Some of Summit’s glassware is marked with a “V” in a circle, but markings are not consistent. You can find identical pieces, both known to have been produced by Summit, and one will have a mark of one sort and the other will not.

a. Chick salt CS-1: Base 2-1/2” x 2-1/8” top 2-1/8” x 1-5/8”
This is not a Westmoreland mould. The origin of this mould is not known. This item was produced in Carnival colors of milk glass, grape, cobalt (1989), Red (1988, 1990), Orange, Geraldine’s Delight (1995), and red (1989) Indicated as a new item in a Summit 1988-89 catalog.


Figure 28 Summit salt, Malachite Carnival (2003)

b. 5-1/2” hen . #109 (top is Westmoreland mould ##2): Base 5-1/2” x 4-1/4”** Top 4-3/4” x 3-5/8”
This hen on nest usually has a Westmoreland top (marked WG) on Summit’s split rib base. It may also have a block number “4” in the top. It has also been seen with a script “McKee” molded into the top. Although Summit presses glass for the Rosso 5” hen mould, it seems obvious that Summit also obtained one of the Westmoreland 5” hen top moulds at the Westmoreland closing in 1984. This item has been made in Carnival colors of Aqua Mist, Cobalt (1989), Chocolate (1992), Geraldine’s Delight (1995); and Patriot Slag (1997)

c. small hen on 2-handled baske t#104 (Westmoreland mould #2): Base 5” x 5” Top 4” x 2-5/8” 4-3/4” tall
Has been made in Carnival colors of Cobalt (1989, 1997), Geraldine’s Delight (1995). [No picture available; SEE Westmoreland Fig.36 for type.]


Figure 29 Summit 5-1/2" hen, Aqua Mist Carnival

d. chick on eggpile. #111 (Westmoreland mould # 9): 6-7/16” round, 6” high
Like the original Atterbury piece and the Westmoreland replica (copy), this item has applied glass eyes. Has been made in Carnival colors of Cobalt (1989, 1997), Chocolate (1992), Geraldine’s Delight (1995), Patriot Slag (1997), Royal Plum (2003)

e. 5-1/2” rooster on wide rib base . #110 (Westmoreland mould #2): Base 5-3/8” x 4-1/16” Top 4-3/4” x 3-1/2”
Although Summit presses glass for the Rosso 5” rooster mould, it seems obvious that Summit also obtained one of the Westmoreland 5” rooster moulds at the Westmoreland closing in 1984. Made in Carnival colors of Cobalt (1989). [No picture available; SEE Westmoreland Fig. 33 for type.]


Figure 30 Summit Chick on Eggpile, Royal Plum Carnival, 2003

f. 7” hen #113 (Westmoreland mould #1): Base 7-3/8” x 5-7/8” Top 6-5/8” x 5”
Has been made in Carnival colors of Cobalt (1989), Malachite (2003), Chocolate (1992), Geraldine’s Delight (1995), and Patriot Slag (1997).


Figure 31 Summit 7" hen, Malachite Carnival (2003)

12. Westmoreland Glass Company (Westmoreland Specialty Co.), Grapeville, PA, 1889-1984. Although Westmoreland is famous for its milk glass which began production the last half of 1900, large amounts of other glass were produced. In Westmoreland’s early years, they produced a great selection of Carnival glass, which was brought back in the 1970s in a variety of colors. No covered animal dishes, including the hens and roosters, are known to have been made in Early Carnival. With twelve forms found in hen on nest covered dishes, Westmoreland made more than any other company. Listed below are only those that are found in Carnival colors. All of these items would be marked and all have been reproduced from original moulds by other American companies and from replicated (copied) moulds from Asian companies.

a. #2 5” hen (Kovar HN-2): Base 5-3/8” x 4-5/16” Top 4-3/4” x 3-5/8”.
According to Ruth Grizel, (Welcome Home Westmoreland,) this dish was made in Carnival colors of Purple Slag, Butterscotch Slag, Ruby and Black. Lorraine Kovar, (Westmoreland Glass 1950-1984, Volume I and Westmoreland Glass 1950-84) lists Carnival colors made for Levay of Ruby Slag (500), Purple Slag (500), Ruby (1000), Black, Cobalt (1000). [For reproductions SEE Rosso, Summit, and Asian Imports sections]


Figure 32 Westmoreland 5-1/2" hen, Cobalt Carnival (Levay, 1000, 1978) Picture courtesy of Gil Bowen.

b. #2 5” rooster (Kovar RO-3): Base 5-3/8” x 4-1/16” Top 4-3/4”x3-1/2”
According to Ruth Grizel, (Welcome Home Westmoreland,) this dish was made in Carnival colors of Purple Slag, Butterscotch Slag, Ruby and Black. Lorraine Kovar, (Westmoreland Glass 1950-1984, Volume I and Westmoreland Glass 1950-84) lists Carnival colors made for Levay of Ruby Slag (500), Black, Ruby (1000) Aurora Cobalt Blue (1000), and Purple Slag (500). [For reproductions SEE Rosso and Summit section]


Figure 33 Westmoreland 5-1/2" rooster, Cobalt Carnival (Levay, 1000, 1978) Picture courtesy of Gil Bowen.

c. #1 (No.1/212) 7” hen (Kovar HN-1): Base 7-3/8” x 5-7/8" Top 6-5/8” x 5"
According to Ruth Grizel, (Welcome Home Westmoreland,) this dish was made in Carnival colors of White (1500, 1970)and Turquoise. Lorraine Kovar, (Westmoreland Glass 1950-1984, Volume I and Westmoreland Glass 1950-84) lists Carnival colors made for Levay of Electric Blue (500), Crystal (1500), Pink (1979), and Turquoise. [For reproductions SEE Summit section]


Figure 34 Westmoreland 7" hen, Pink Carnival (Levay, 1979)

d. #1 7” rooster (Kovar RO-1): Base 7-3/8” x 5-7/8" Top 6-1/2” x 5-1/8”
Straight head, split tail, inserted glass eyes (brown with black pupil). May also be found on a lacy base (No.1/1870) According to Ruth Grizel, (Welcome Home Westmoreland,) this dish was made in Carnival colors of White and Turquoise. Lorraine Kovar, (Westmoreland Glass 1950-1984, Volume I and Westmoreland Glass 1950-84) lists Carnival colors made for Levay of Crystal (1500), Turquoise, Purple Slag (115) and Electric Blue (500). [For reproductions SEE Fenton section]


Figure 35 Westmoreland 8" rooster, Electric Blue Carnival (Levay, 500)

e. #2 Hen on two-handled basket (Kovar CK-1): Base 5-1/16” x 4-3/4” Top 4-1/16” x 2-11/16”
This is the same form as the 3” hen, top does not fit well. According to Ruth Grizel, (Welcome Home Westmoreland,) this dish was made in Carnival colors of White Carnival. Lorraine Kovar, (Westmoreland Glass 1950-1984, Volume I and Westmoreland Glass 1950-84) lists Carnival colors made for Levay of Crystal (1500) and Purple (238, 1977). [For reproductions SEE Summit section. This item was also replicated (copied) by an Asian manufacturer, but not in Carnival glass.]


Figure 36 Westmoreland Hen on 2-handled basket. [NOTE: Carnival picture not available]

f. #9 Chick on Eggpile 6-7/16” round 6” high.
According to Ruth Grizel, (Welcome Home Westmoreland,) this dish was made in Carnival colors of White (1500, 1979), and yellow chick atop white eggs with green grass and ivory base, iridized. [Note: Kovar does not list this piece.] [For reproductions SEE Summit section]


Figure 37 Westmoreland Chick on Eggpile (Iridized eggs do not show up clearly)

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Copyright, Shirley Smith   All Rights Reserved. Used with permission.