Some Notes about the Article:
The following terms are used in the article:
"reproduction" = an item produced by a company from an original mould from
another company. In other words, they acquired someone else's mould.
The mould may or may not have been altered.
"reissue" = an item produced by a company over a period of time, no matter
"replica" = a mould that is made to copy an item made by another company.
It means a copy. It may be exactly like the original, or it may vary
Using these definitions, one can accurately describe a reproduction made
from a replica of an original that was reissued over time.
Please also note that all colors listed for items in my article are for
iridized or Carnival colors only. Production dates of colors are given if
the author knows them.
There are at least 84 glass
companies that have produced at least 174 different forms or sizes of
glass hen on nest covered dishes over the past 150 years. Most of these
were made in the period 1880-1910, and consequently were not seen in
Carnival glass. At this point in time, there are no glass hen on nest
covered dishes that can claim to have been made in the Early Carnival
period except, perhaps, for the Sowerby “Chic” butter dish.
Thirteen companies can be
positively identified as making their hen dishes in Carnival glass, one
other known hen is unattributed, and several hens are from an unknown
Asian manufacturer. Needless to say, there are probably others lurking out
there just waiting to be discovered. Although a given company may have
made other hen on nest covered dishes, only those known to have been made
in Carnival glass are listed. For an in-depth look at glass hen on nest
1. Boyd’s Crystal Art
Glass, Cambridge, Ohio, 1978 -. Bernard C. and Bernard F., father and
son, opened Boyd’s Crystal Art Glass October 10, 1978. It was formerly
Degenhart Glass. The Degenhart moulds with the “D” in a heart trademark
were changed to the Boyd “B” in a Diamond mark. All Boyd products are
marked. All three moulds for hen on nest covered dishes are old Degenhart
a. Chick salt
(Boyd’s calls this a one-inch chick): Base 2 1/2 x 2” Top 2” x
The chick salt has a straight head and straight tail. Made in Carnival
colors of: Platinum (1984), Cobalt (1984), Vaseline Carnival (1988),
Winter Carnival (1989), Milk White (1989), Windsor Blue (1989), Grape
Parfait (1989), Sunglow (1990), Crown Tuscan (1990), Spinnaker Blue
(1990), Classic Black (1991), Cardinal Red (1992), Alexandrite (1993),
Aqua Diamond (1993), Chocolate (1994), Banana Cream (1994), Sunkist
(1995), Royal Plum (1995), Mint Julep (1995), Crystal (1996), Nutmeg
(1999), Millennium (2000), Lemon Splash (2000), Purple Fizz Carnival
(2000), Spring Beauty (2001), and Butternut (2002).
Figure 1 - Boyd salt, Purple Fizz Carnival, 2000
b. 3 inch hen: Base
3-3/8” x 2-3/8” Top 3” x 2”
3-inch hen is on a smooth-rimmed base that has a small diamond weave
pattern on the sides of the base. The head and tail are straight. The
bottom is smooth. The 3-inch hen is quite similar to the L.E. Smith 3-inch
hen except that the rim of the base is smooth rather than scalloped. It is
also reminiscent of the 3-inch hen that is imported from Taiwan. It was
made in Carnival colors of: Platinum (a short run in 1984), Cobalt (1984),
Vaseline (1988), Winter (1989), Milk White (1989), Windsor Blue (1989),
Grape Parfait (1989), Sunglow (1990, Lime (1990), Crown Tuscan (1990),
Spinnaker Blue (1990), Classic Black (1991), Ruby Red (1993), Alexandrite
(1993), Aqua Diamond (1993), Chocolate (1994), Sunkist (1995), Royal Plum
(1995), Mint Julep (1995), Crystal (1996), Millenium (2000), Lemon Splash
(2000), Spring Beauty (2001), and Butternut (2002).
Figure 2 - Boyd 3-inch Butternut Carnival, 2002
c. 5 inch hen: Base
5-1/2” x 4-5/16” Top 4-13/16" x 3-5/8"
5-inch hen is on a McKee-type split rib base with slightly flared top and
radiating star design on bottom. The 5-inch hen has her head turned to the
right and a straight, very thick solid tail. Aside from the L.E. Smith
HEN, which looks quite a bit different, and the Degenhart, which was made
from the same mould, this is the only 5-inch hen with a solid tail. Made
in Carnival colors of Platinum (1984), Cobalt (1984), Vaseline (1988),
Winter (1989), Milk White (1989), Windsor Blue (1989), Grape Parfait
(1989), Sunglow (1990), Crown Tuscan (1990), Spinnaker Blue (1990),
Classic Black (1991), Alexandrite (1993), Aqua Diamond (1993), Chocolate
(1994), Sunkist (1995), Royal Plum (1995), Mint Julep (1995), Crystal
(1996), Spring Beauty (2001), and Butternut (2002).
Figure 3 - Boyd 5-inch hen, Crystal Carnival, 1996
2. Degenhart Crystal Art
Glass Company, Cambridge, OH, 1947-1978. The factory specialized in
reproduction pressed glass novelties and paperweights. Over 50 moulds were
worked by this factory including six animal covered dishes of various
sizes. When the factory ceased operation, Boyd’s Crystal Art, Cambridge,
Ohio, purchased many of the moulds and operated in the same facility.
Degenhart items may or may not be marked with a “D” or a “D” in a heart.
Use of the mould mark “D” began around 1972 and by 1977 most of the moulds
had been marked. Prior to this time occasionally pieces were hand-stamped
with a block letter “D.” This hand-stamping was started in 1967 and
continued to 1972. Labels were also used. Although Degenhart is known for
their hundreds of distinctive colors, very little Carnival was made. Items
were iridized by the nearby Mosser factory. The Degenhart 3” hen and 5”
hen are not known to have been made in Carnival glass.
Chick salt: Base
2-1/2” x 2”; Top 2” x 1-1/2”
The chick salt was made in 1966 from an Island Company (Weishar)
mould, and marked in 1972. It is hard to distinguish from the Westmoreland
chick salt in size and form, especially if both are in milk glass. This
salt was made in Carnival colors of cobalt, green, and pink.
(No picture available; SEE Boyd Fig.1 for form.)
3. E & E Collectibles,
Hartford City, IN, 1986 -.
Ed Bowman purchased the mould for the 1-inch mini hen along with several
other moulds from Robert Wetzel when he quit pressing glass. Since Ed
Bowman does not produce glass, but is just a broker, the moulds were
pressed by Summit Art Glass Company of Ravenna, Ohio, and sold at shows
and by mail order. When he retired, Ed changed the name to Ed Bowman
Collectibles. May be marked EE or just E.
Base 1-7/16 (round);
Top 1-3/16 (round)
been made in Carnival colors of Vaseline (1994, 2001) Plum (1993), Light
Blue Opal (1994), Crystal (1995), Cobalt (1995, 2002), Bittersweet (1996),
Milk White (1997), Chocolate (1997), Light Slag (1997), Green (1999), Dark
Amethyst (1999), Medium Blue (2000).
Figure 4 - EE salt, cobalt iridized, 1995, 2002
4. Fenton Art Glass Company,
Williamstown, West Virginia, 1905-. Fenton is credited with first
introducing Carnival glass to the world around 1907. Since Fenton did not
introduce the hen on nest form until 1952, no hen on nest covered dishes
were produced in Fenton’s Classic Carnival, but were a product of Fenton’s
later Carnival glass go-round starting in 1970. Fenton has marked their
glass since 1972 either with their name written out (to indicate original
Fenton moulds) or with a script “F” to indicate that the mould was
acquired from another company. [Please note that the Fenton #5183 (large
hen on smooth-rimmed base) and #6483 (small, McKee-type rooster) were
never made in Carnival glass.]
a. #5186, 5”
hen: Base 5-3/8” x 4-1/8"; Top 4-5/8” x 3-1/16”
This hen is on a unique arch-figured base. Fenton first used this
mould in 1968 in milk glass. Produced in Carnival colors of Carnival
(base color unknown, 1971), Sea Mist (1991), Opal (decorated, 1993),
Dusty Rose with Milk Glass head (1997, for QVC Shopping Channel),
Aquamarine (1999), Red (1996), Champagne Satin (1997, 1999), Misty
Blue Satin (1997), French Opalescent (1999).
Figure 5 Fenton #5186 hen, Carnival, 1970-73
b. #5182 8” hen
on scalloped rim base: Base 8-3/8” x 6-3/4”; Top 7-3/16 x 6”
This large hen, first produced in 1967, is a copy of the Atterbury
8” hen on nest except that instead of eye slots, the eyes are molded
and bulging. The base is a Vallerysthal–style with a scalloped
braided rim. Known to have been made in Carnival colors of Carnival
(base color unknown, 1970-73), Red (1996)
Figure 6 Fenton #5182, Ruby Carnival, 1996
c. #4680 7”
rooster: Base 7-1/16” x 5-5/8”; Top 6-1/2” x 5-1/8”
The top of this rooster is a reproduction of the Westmoreland (Challinor
Taylor copy) rooster. Fenton acquired the mould when Westmoreland
went out of business in 1984. The mould was modified to have small,
round molded eyes instead of the eye sockets. It is marked with a
script “F” indicating that the mould was acquired from some source
other than Fenton. It was put in production in 1991. Has been made
in the Carnival colors of Opal (HP accents, 1992-93), Sea Mist
Opalescent (1991-92), Misty Blue (1997), Shell Pink (1991), and
Figure 7 Fenton #4680 rooster, Shell Pink Carnival, 1991
d. #5185, Chick
on basket: 5-5/16” x 3-15/16”
First made 1953-54 designed by Fenton artist Stan Fistich. Although
this dish was made in several opaque and clear colors, the only
known iridized version is shown here.
Figure 8 Fenton #5185 chick on nest, pale amethyst iridized
5188, 5189, Chicken server: Tray: 12-1/2” x 11”
This “chicken server,” as Fenton called it, was the first made in
1952-58. It was made in Milk Glass Iridized for a special order in
1995,and in iridized Opal in 1995 and 1997.
Figure 9 Fenton #5188 Chicken Server
f. #4685, Chick
in egg toothpick: 3 inches high
Made from the Westmoreland mould acquired from Westmoreland (#258)
in 1985. First made in 1991 Shell Pink iridized. (Other Carnival
colors or dates not known.)
Figure 10 Fenton #4685 Chick in egg toothpick. Shell Pink
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Copyright, Shirley Smith All Rights
Reserved. Used with permission.